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 Definition: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total populationspeaking that language.
1. Cameroon 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
2. Azerbaijan Azerbaijani (Azeri) 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
3. Albania Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
4. Armenia Armenian 96%, Russian 2%, other 2%
5. Burma Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
6. Belarus Belarusian, Russian, other
7. Bulgaria Bulgarian, secondary languages closely correspond to ethnic breakdown
8. Denmark Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority) (English is the predominant second language)
9. Estonia Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish, other
10. Czech Republic Czech
11. Finland Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities
12. Faroe Islands Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
13. French Guiana French
14. Saint Pierre and Miquelon French (official)
15. Guadeloupe French (official) 99%, Creole patois
16. New Caledonia French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
17. Cote d'Ivoire French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken
18. Madagascar French (official), Malagasy (official)
19. Djibouti French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
20. Chad French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
21. Monaco French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
22. Mali French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
23. Haiti French (official), Creole (official)
24. Reunion French (official), Creole widely used
25. Guinea French (official), each ethnic group has its own language
26. Gabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
27. Benin French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
28. Niger French (official), Hausa, Djerma
29. Congo, Democratic Republic of the French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
30. Congo, Republic of the French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
31. Burkina Faso French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
32. Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
33. French Polynesia French (official), Tahitian (official)
34. Senegal French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
35. France French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
36. Martinique French, Creole patois
37. Georgia Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)
38. Greenland Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
39. Germany German
40. Austria German (official nationwide), Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian (official in Burgenland), Hungarian (official in Burgenland)
41. Liechtenstein German (official), Alemannic dialect
42. Greece Greek 99% (official), English, French
43. Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English
44. Croatia Croatian 96%, other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
45. Hungary Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%
46. Iceland Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
47. San Marino Italian
48. Italy Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
49. Holy See (Vatican City) Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
50. Japan Japanese
51. Korea, North Korean
52. Korea, South Korean, English widely taught in junior high and high school
53. Kiribati I-Kiribati, English (official)
54. Latvia Latvian (official), Lithuanian, Russian, other
55. Lithuania Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian
56. Hong Kong Chinese (Cantonese), English; both are official
57. Moldova Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
58. Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2%, other 2%
59. Malta Maltese (official), English (official)
60. Maldives Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials
61. Niue Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
62. Netherlands Dutch (official language), Frisian (official language)
63. Belgium Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
64. Aruba Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish
65. Netherlands Antilles Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) predominates, English widely spoken, Spanish
66. Nauru Nauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes
67. Poland Polish
68. Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese (official)
69. Brazil Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
70. Angola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
71. Guinea-Bissau Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
72. Portugal Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
73. Macau Portuguese, Chinese (Cantonese)
74. Cape Verde Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
75. Romania Romanian (official), Hungarian, German
76. Russia Russian, other
77. American Samoa Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English (most people are bilingual)
78. Samoa Samoan (Polynesian), English
79. Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)
80. Saudi Arabia Arabic
81. Comoros Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
82. Algeria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
83. Lebanon Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
84. Morocco Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
85. Egypt Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
86. Qatar Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
87. Kuwait Arabic (official), English widely spoken
88. Jordan Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
89. Oman Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
90. Mauritania Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof
91. Libya Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities
92. Bahrain Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
93. Gaza Strip Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
94. Iraq Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
95. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
96. Cambodia Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
97. Andorra Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
98. Montserrat English
99. Cayman Islands English
100. Saint Kitts and Nevis English
101. Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) English
102. Barbados English
103. Saint Helena English
104. Micronesia, Federated States of English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
105. Anguilla English (official)
106. British Virgin Islands English (official)
107. Fiji English (official), Fijian, Hindustani
108. Jersey English (official), French (official), Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
109. Saint Lucia English (official), French patois
110. Grenada English (official), French patois
111. Dominica English (official), French patois
112. Christmas Island English (official), Chinese, Malay
113. Bermuda English (official), Portuguese
114. Cook Islands English (official), Maori
115. New Zealand English (official), Maori (official)
116. Norfolk Island English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
117. Belize English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
118. Kenya English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
119. Ghana English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
120. Malawi English (official), Chichewa (official), other languages important regionally
121. Bahamas, The English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
122. Mauritius English (official), Creole, French (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri
123. Nigeria English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
124. Antigua and Barbuda English (official), local dialects
125. Gambia, The English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
126. Pitcairn Islands English (official), Pitcairnese (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
127. Botswana English (official), Setswana
128. Gibraltar English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
129. Marshall Islands English (widely spoken as a second language, both English and Marshallese are official languages), two major Marshallese dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family, Japanese
130. Liberia English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence
131. Canada English 59.3% (official), French 23.2% (official), other 17.5%
132. Namibia English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
133. Palau English and Palauan official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official)
134. India English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
135. Ireland English is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard
136. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English, French patois
137. Guernsey English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
138. Man, Isle of English, Manx Gaelic
139. Guyana English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
140. Guam English, Chamorro, Japanese
141. Northern Mariana Islands English, Chamorro, Carolinian (86% of population speaks a language other than English at home)
142. Australia English, native languages
143. Jamaica English, patois English
144. Israel Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
145. Kazakhstan Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
146. Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz - official language, Russian - official language (in December 2001, the Kyrgyzstani legislature made Russian an official language, equal in status to Kyrgyz)
147. Laos Lao (official), French, English, and various ethnic languages
148. Luxembourg Luxembourgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language)
149. Cocos (Keeling) Islands Malay (Cocos dialect), English
150. Brunei Malay (official), English, Chinese
151. Nepal Nepali (official; spoken by 90% of the population), about a dozen other languages and about 30 major dialects; note - many in government and business also speak English (1995)
152. Iran Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
153. Pakistan Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
154. Chile Spanish
155. Colombia Spanish
156. Cuba Spanish
157. Dominican Republic Spanish
158. Nicaragua Spanish (official) (English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast)
159. Equatorial Guinea Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
160. Costa Rica Spanish (official), English
161. Panama Spanish (official), English 14% (many Panamanians bilingual)
162. Paraguay Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
163. Bolivia Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)
164. Peru Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
165. Ecuador Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
166. Guatemala Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
167. Puerto Rico Spanish, English
168. Honduras Spanish, Amerindian dialects
169. El Salvador Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
170. Mexico Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
171. Eritrea Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
172. Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese
173. Malaysia Bahasa Melayu (official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; note - in addition, in East Malaysia several indigenous languages are spoken, the largest are Iban and Kadazan
174. Bangladesh Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
175. Norway Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official) (small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities)
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