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FACTS AND INFORMATIONS ABOUT INDIA
Official Name
Bharat (Hindi), Republic of India (English)

Capital
New Delhi

Population
1, 027, 015, 247 (2001 Census)

Area
3.3 million square kilometers

Geographical Location
Lies between latitudes 8 ° 4' and 37 ° 6 ' north and longitudes 68 ° 7 ' and 97° 25' east

Coastline Length
7600 km

Languages
India has two National languages (Central administrative). They are English (associate official) and Hindi (in the Devanagiri script). The Indian Constitution also officially recognizes 22 regional languages.

Major Religions
Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism

Literacy
65.38%

National Anthem
Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore

National Song
Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji

National Emblem
Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath

National Flag
Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue color

National Animal
Tiger(Panthera tigris)

National Bird
Peacock

National Flower
Lotus

National Tree
Banyan

National Fruit
Mango

National  Currency
Rupee (One Rupee=100 paise)

National Sport
Hockey

Division Typ HASC ISO FIPS SC UPU Veh Dist Population Area(km.²) Area(mi.²) PIN Capital
Andaman and Nicobar Islands u IN.AN AN IN01 35 AN AN 2 356,265 8,249 3,185 744 Port Blair
Andhra Pradesh s IN.AP AP IN02 28 AP AP 23 75,727,541 275,068 106,204 50-53 Hyderabad
Arunachal Pradesh s IN.AR AR IN30 12 AR AR 15 1,091,117 83,743 32,333 790-792 Itanagar
Assam s IN.AS AS IN03 18 AS AS 23 26,638,407 78,438 30,285 78 Dispur
Bihar s IN.BR BR IN34 10 BR BR 37 82,878,796 99,200 38,301 80-85 Patna
Chandigarh u IN.CH CH IN05 04 CHD CH 1 900,914 114 44 16 Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh s IN.CT CT IN37 22 CG 16 20,795,956 135,194 52,199 49 Raipur
Dadra and Nagar Haveli u IN.DN DN IN06 26 DNH DN 1 220,451 491 190 396 Silvassa
Daman and Diu u IN.DD DD IN32 25 DD DD 2 158,059 112 43 396 Daman
Delhi u IN.DL DL IN07 07 DEL DL 1 13,782,976 1,483 573 11 Delhi
Goa s IN.GA GA IN33 30 GOA GA 2 1,343,998 3,702 1,429 403 Panaji
Gujarat s IN.GJ GJ IN09 24 GUJ GJ 25 50,596,992 196,024 75,685 36-39 Gandhinagar
Haryana s IN.HR HR IN10 06 HR HR 19 21,082,989 44,212 17,070 12-13 Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh s IN.HP HP IN11 02 HP HP 12 6,077,248 55,673 21,495 17 Shimla
Jammu and Kashmir s IN.JK JK IN12 01 JK JK 14 10,069,917 222,236 85,806 18-19 Srinagar, Jammu
Jharkhand s IN.JH JH IN38 20 JH 18 26,909,428 74,677 28,833 814-835 Ranchi
Karnataka s IN.KA KA IN19 29 KRN KA 27 52,733,958 191,791 74,051 56-59 Bangalore
Kerala s IN.KL KL IN13 32 KER KL 14 31,838,619 38,863 15,005 67-69 Thiruvananthapuram
Lakshadweep u IN.LD LD IN14 31 LKP LD 1 60,595 32 12 673 Kavaratti
Madhya Pradesh s IN.MP MP IN35 23 MP MP 48 60,385,118 308,252 119,016 45-48 Bhopal
Maharashtra s IN.MH MH IN16 27 MAH MH 35 96,752,247 307,690 118,800 40-44 Mumbai
Manipur s IN.MN MN IN17 14 MNP MN 9 2,388,634 22,327 8,621 795-796 Imphal
Meghalaya s IN.ML ML IN18 17 MEG ML 7 2,306,069 22,429 8,660 793-794 Shillong
Mizoram s IN.MZ MZ IN31 15 MIZ MZ 8 891,058 21,081 8,139 796 Aizawl
Nagaland s IN.NL NL IN20 13 NLD NL 8 1,988,636 16,579 6,401 797-798 Kohima
Orissa s IN.OR OR IN21 21 OR OR 30 36,706,920 155,707 60,119 75-77 Bhubaneswar
Pondicherry u IN.PY PY IN22 34 PDY PY 4 973,829 492 190 605 Pondicherry
Punjab s IN.PB PB IN23 03 PU PB 17 24,289,296 50,362 19,445 14-15 Chandigarh
Rajasthan s IN.RJ RJ IN24 08 RAJ RJ 32 56,473,122 342,239 132,139 30-34 Jaipur
Sikkim s IN.SK SK IN29 11 SKM SK 4 540,493 7,096 2,740 737 Gangtok
Tamil Nadu s IN.TN TN IN25 33 TN TN 30 62,110,839 130,058 50,216 60-64 Chennai
Tripura s IN.TR TR IN26 16 TRP TR 4 3,191,168 10,486 4,049 799 Agartala
Uttaranchal s IN.UT UL IN39 05 UA 13 8,479,562 51,125 19,739 246-263 Dehradun
Uttar Pradesh s IN.UP UP IN36 09 UP UP 70 166,052,859 243,286 93,934 20-28 Lucknow
West Bengal s IN.WB WB IN28 19 WB WB 19 80,221,171 88,752 34,267 70-74 Kolkata
35 divisions 591 1,027,015,247 3,287,263 1,269,218
  • Typ: These divisions are 28 states (s) and 7 union territories (u).
  • HASC: › Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: State codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "IN-" to the code (ex: IN-UL
    represents Uttaranchal).
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • SC: State codes used by the Census of India.
  • UPU: "Postal addressing systems" is a document available online from the Universal Postal Union. Its entry
    for India has a list of states and codes. The codes are presumably official postal abbreviations for the states.
  • Veh: Vehicle codes (first two characters on license plates).
  • Dist: Number of districts in each division.
  • Population: 2001-03-01 census, provisional figures.
  • Area: Jammu and Kashmir includes areas claimed by Pakistan and China.
  • PIN: Indian postal codes (postal index numbers) are six digits. They are sometimes written with a space
    between the third and fourth digits. The first three digits generally determine a district. Ranges listed here
    are the first two or three digits of the PIN. The newly formed states don't have well-defined ranges of PINs.
  • Capital: Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu the winter capital, of Jammu and Kashmir.


Languages of India
Republic of India, Bharat. 1,065,070,607. Indo-Aryan 777,361,000, 76%; Dravidian 216,635,000, 21.6%; Austro-Asiatic 12,250,000, 1.2%; Tibeto-Burman 10,350,000, 1%; Other 2,468,600, 0.2%. National or official languages: Hindi and English. There are 22 official 'scheduled' languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Oriya, Eastern Panjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu. Literacy rate: 36% to 52%. Also includes Armenian (560), Burushaski, Chitwania Tharu, Geman Deng, Judeo-Iraqi Arabic, Kathoriya Tharu, Northern Pashto (15,000), Portuguese (250,000), Russian (1,036), Uyghur, Walungge, Western Farsi (18,000), Arabic, Chinese. Information mainly from G. Marrison 1967; R. Hugoniot 1970; C. Masica 1991; K. S. Singh 1994, 1995; J. Matisoff, S. Baron, and J. Lowe 1996; R. Breton 1997; R. Burling ms 1998. Blind population: 9,000,000. Deaf population: 9,400,000 to 14,000,000 (2001). Deaf institutions: 850. The number of languages listed for India is 428. Of those, 415 are living languages and 13 are extinct.

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